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The Wire

Listen back to features and interviews from 95bFM's daily news & current affairs show, The Wire. Your hosts Jemima Huston, Mary-Margaret Slack, Lillian Hanly, Lachlan Balfour and Laura Kvigstad focus on the issues of Tāmaki Makaurau and elsewhere, in independent-thinking bFM style. Weekdays 12-1pm on 95bFM.

'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Kay Baxter from Koanga Institute: December 4, 2019

'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Kay Baxter from Koanga Institute: December 4, 2019 'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Kay Baxter from Koanga Institute: December 4, 2019, 56.91 MB
Wed 4 Dec 2019

Lillian Hanly is looking into the importing of what has been called 'blood phospate' from Western Sahara, occupied by Morocco. There have been three parts broadcast already, the fourth focuses on Home Solutions. That report interviews Kay Baxter from the Koanga Institute and Clare Bradley from Agrisea. Firstly, to recap a little:

Around 170,000 Saharawi people were forced out of their own land when Morocco invaded in 1975, today they live as refugees separated by a constructed wall and littered with mines. Western Sahara is rich in resources, and it is understood Morocco is taking advantage of this. One particular resource that is being mined without the consent of the Saharawi people is phosphate. Two of the three remaining companies in the world to buy this disputed phosphate from Morocco are NZ companies. Australia, Canada, America - all have pulled out of this trade in the hope that the referendum, called for in 1991, can take place. So the Saharawi people can choose their independece. in Part IIII we hear from two different people in Aotearoa with solutions as to how we could use less phosphate - and therefore not rely on a trade that extracts the resource from a country where human rights abuses are taking place.

Kay Baxter is from the Koanga Institute. They have long worked to save heritage food plants, including vegetable seeds and fruit trees as well as being leading practitioners, researchers and teachers of bio-intensive gardening and nutrient dense food production. Now, they are also encouraging a shift to 'regenerative' farming, rather than 'degenerative' - a process which requires major nourishment of soil through fertiliser products. You can find some simple explainers on regeneration here. Kay indicates that pastoral farming has had a huge effect on the way the eco system is connected, leading to poor soil health.

Clare Bradley is the research co-ordinator at Agrisea, a company that works with seaweed to provide nutrients to the agriculture sector. When Lillian first contacted Agrisea, Clare said "farmers in NZ are being oversold Phosphorous products, in-fact over 50% of NZ Dairy Farms tested are over the “target range” for Olsen P (a measurement of plant available P)". So, in actual fact, we might not even need to be important that much phosphate? One of the reasons given by one of the NZ companies that does so was that NZ requires so much phosphate it is harder to source it from places other than Morocco/ Western Sahara - because theirs is the largest supply in the world. Lillian wanted to understand how seaweed could act as a supplement, as well as what other benefits seaweed brings to the world. 

Both Kay and Clare disagree with the sourcing of phosphate from Morocco, but also see the solutions to our ever worsening environmental and climate issues in more research, and the understanding of how our ecology worked before the links were broken. Lillian spoke with both of them to understand the movement that is very much occuring of its own accord to shift away from this reliance on phosphate. 

This is Kay's full interview. 

 

To find the other parts in the series, you can listen to them here:

Part I

Part II

Part III

'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Clare Bradley from Agrisea: December 4, 2019

'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Clare Bradley from Agrisea: December 4, 2019 'Blood phosphate' from Western Sahara - Part IIII full I/V w/ Clare Bradley from Agrisea: December 4, 2019, 19.13 MB
Wed 4 Dec 2019

Lillian Hanly is looking into the importing of what has been called 'blood phospate' from Western Sahara, occupied by Morocco. There have been three parts broadcast already, the fourth focuses on Home Solutions. That report interviews Kay Baxter from the Koanga Institute and Clare Bradley from Agrisea. Firstly, to recap a little:

Around 170,000 Saharawi people were forced out of their own land when Morocco invaded in 1975, today they live as refugees separated by a constructed wall and littered with mines. Western Sahara is rich in resources, and it is understood Morocco is taking advantage of this. One particular resource that is being mined without the consent of the Saharawi people is phosphate. Two of the three remaining companies in the world to buy this disputed phosphate from Morocco are NZ companies. Australia, Canada, America - all have pulled out of this trade in the hope that the referendum, called for in 1991, can take place. So the Saharawi people can choose their independece. in Part IIII we hear from two different people in Aotearoa with solutions as to how we could use less phosphate - and therefore not rely on a trade that extracts the resource from a country where human rights abuses are taking place.

Kay Baxter is from the Koanga Institute. They have long worked to save heritage food plants, including vegetable seeds and fruit trees as well as being leading practitioners, researchers and teachers of bio-intensive gardening and nutrient dense food production. Now, they are also encouraging a shift to 'regenerative' farming, rather than 'degenerative' - a process which requires major nourishment of soil through fertiliser products. You can find some simple explainers on regeneration here. Kay indicates that pastoral farming has had a huge effect on the way the eco system is connected, leading to poor soil health.

Clare Bradley is the research co-ordinator at Agrisea, a company that works with seaweed to provide nutrients to the agriculture sector. When Lillian first contacted Agrisea, Clare said "farmers in NZ are being oversold Phosphorous products, in-fact over 50% of NZ Dairy Farms tested are over the “target range” for Olsen P (a measurement of plant available P)". So, in actual fact, we might not even need to be important that much phosphate? One of the reasons given by one of the NZ companies that does so was that NZ requires so much phosphate it is harder to source it from places other than Morocco/ Western Sahara - because theirs is the largest supply in the world. Lillian wanted to understand how seaweed could act as a supplement, as well as what other benefits seaweed brings to the world. 

Both Kay and Clare disagree with the sourcing of phosphate from Morocco, but also see the solutions to our ever worsening environmental and climate issues in more research, and the understanding of how our ecology worked before the links were broken. Lillian spoke with both of them to understand the movement that is very much occuring of its own accord to shift away from this reliance on phosphate. 

This is Clare's full interview. 

 

To find the other parts in the series, you can listen to them here:

Part I

Part II

Part III

The Wire with Lillian: December 4, 2019

The Wire with Lillian: December 4, 2019 The Wire with Lillian: December 4, 2019, 100.98 MB
Wed 4 Dec 2019

On Dear Science with AUT’s Allan Blackman we are talking meteor’s and testing kids in reading, math and science.

And we are finally returning to our conversations about phosphate from the Western Sahara, today we are hearing solutions from two separate people here in Aotearoa about how people can move away from using so much phosphate. We hear from Kay Baxter from the Koanga Institute, and Clare Bradley from Agrisea

The Tuesday Wire; December 3, 2019

The Tuesday Wire; December 3, 2019 The Tuesday Wire; December 3, 2019, 106.16 MB
Tue 3 Dec 2019

Good afternoon and welcome to The Wire podcast for Rātū Tuesday, the 3rd of December, Hakihea.  

On today's show we had; 

Lillian Hanly, who was waiting for the bus along Symonds St last month when she came across some phantom billsticker panels with comics in them. They were very easily recognised as Toby Morris comics who Lillian is a fan of. As she had plenty of time waiting for the bus she had a read of it. Turns out it was actually a story about the way young people with access needs experience the city, and the information had come from research done by Massey University. Karen Witten is a Professor of Public Health at Massey University and her email was on the final panel. Lillian reached out to her to find out more.

This week on Green Desk, Mitch speaks Cawthron Institue’s Dr Susie Wood who is leading
the Lakes380 Project. Currently Lakes380 is the largest undertaking of data collection on
Lakes done in New Zealand possibly the world, making use of the best technology in the
world. Mitchell and Susie discuss the scale of the project and the processes involved with
such a large undertaking. To being Mitch asks Susie to explain what Lakes380 is.

We also talked to Splice's Gareth Fa about creating space for intercultural dialogues and interactions. We also talk about the upcoming Global Active Citizens Annual Marketplace on December 12th and all the work that has gone into it. 

We also spoke to Simplicity Kiwisaver fund about their release of what we believe is Aotearoa's first Te Reo Māori Kiwisaver document. We touched on the document itself, as well as the road to its creation and the interactions between the finance world and Te Ao Māori. 

Thank you to every one who spoke to us today. 

 

 

 

 

 

Worlds Collide; Growing KiwiSaver and Finance in Te Reo and Te Ao Māori; December 3, 2019

Worlds Collide; Growing KiwiSaver and Finance in Te Reo and Te Ao Māori; December 3, 2019 Worlds Collide; Growing KiwiSaver and Finance in Te Reo and Te Ao Māori; December 3, 2019, 11.17 MB
Tue 3 Dec 2019

9fbFM spoke to Simplicity Kiwisaver fund about their release of what we believe is Aotearoa's first Te Reo Māori Kiwisaver document. We touched on the document itself, as well as the road to its creation and the interactions between the finance world and Te Ao Māori. 

A Conversation with Karen Witten w/ Lillian Hanly; December 3, 2019

A Conversation with Karen Witten w/ Lillian Hanly; December 3, 2019 A Conversation with Karen Witten w/ Lillian Hanly; December 3, 2019, 12.99 MB
Tue 3 Dec 2019

Lillian Hanly was waiting for the bus along Symonds St last month when she came across some phantom billsticker panels with comics in them. They were very easily recognised as Toby Morris comics who Lillian is a fan of. As she had plenty of time waiting for the bus she had a read of it. Turns out it was actually a story about the way young people with access needs experience the city, and the information had come from research done by Massey University. Karen Witten is a Professor of Public Health at Massey University and her email was on the final panel. Lillian reached out to her to find out more.

Living Wage Increase for Teacher Aides, Support Staff: 2nd of December, 2019

Living Wage Increase for Teacher Aides, Support Staff: 2nd of December, 2019 Living Wage Increase for Teacher Aides, Support Staff: 2nd of December, 2019, 5.75 MB
Mon 2 Dec 2019

Deb Rawson discusses the new offer from the Ministry of Education to pay teacher aids and support workers the Living Wage. Currently, around 90% of workers are paid below the Living Wage, as reported by the NZEI. Union members of the NZEI will vote on whether to accept the offer next Monday.

Funding Boost for New Zealand Schools: Monday the 2nd of December, 2019

Funding Boost for New Zealand Schools: Monday the 2nd of December, 2019 Funding Boost for New Zealand Schools: Monday the 2nd of December, 2019, 21.32 MB
Mon 2 Dec 2019

It was announced over the weekend that a new government investment of four hundred million dollars into schools for property upgrades & maintenance & this would go into effect as of tomorrow.

The announcement was made by the Prime Minister Jacinda Adern during the closing moments of her speech at the Labour Party’s annual conference in Wanganui on Sunday. 

Two thousand & fifty schools will be eligible to receive a minimum of $50,000 with a maximum of $400,000, depending on roll size. 

That’s six hundred & ninety three dollars per student! The one-off cash injection is the biggest investment in school maintenance in at least 25 years. To talk further about this investment is Education Minister Chris Hipkins who spoke to me this morning about the governments school infrastructure plan in full.

Then, to talk further through the initiative & the investment, Louis spoke with Lynda Stuart, president of the New Zealand Educational Institution - an organisation who are employers, as well as the union representing all teachers, who lead and advocate for quality public education. Here is Lynda Stuart with N.Z.E.I.’s response.

 

The wire with Sherry: December 2nd, 2019

The wire with Sherry: December 2nd, 2019 The wire with Sherry: December 2nd, 2019, 102.09 MB
Mon 2 Dec 2019

On Monday wire, we have our weekly chat with Green party Co-leader James Shaw on the Landfill Levy and Suicide prevention office. Louis speaks to Education Minister Chris Hipkins and NZEI president on the $400 mil increase to school infrastructure. Deb reports on the living wage increase for teacher aids and support staff. 

 

Neutral corner: 29th November, 2019

Neutral corner: 29th November, 2019 Neutral corner: 29th November, 2019, 13.65 MB
Fri 29 Nov 2019

Neutral corner for this week is comparing the contrasting coverage given by Voice of America and Press TV to ongoing protests in Iraq.

Neighbourhood Watch: January 23, 2020

Neighbourhood Watch: January 23, 2020 Neighbourhood Watch: January 23, 2020, 20.22 MB
Thu 23 Jan 2020

Zoe Kounadis from Radio Adelaide updates us on the fires and tells us about some dodgy money grants from MPs to sports clubs as well as a government review of the National Disability Insurance Scheme.

The Big Q: What is behind the growing tension in the Middle East? January 20, 2020.

The Big Q: What is behind the growing tension in the Middle East? January 20, 2020. , 22.76 MB
Mon 20 Jan 2020

Following the US drone strike that killed an Iranian general in Iraq and Iran shooting down a Ukrainian passenger airliner, international concerns over security and legality have arisen, while in Iran, protests against the government’s response to the attack on the airliner have intensified. What are the international and local responses to the tensions between the US and Iran? How did we reach this point of crisis? How do these attacks threaten peace and stability in the Middle East? Doug Becker speaks with Nader Hashemi, Asli Ü. Bâli, and Nayereh Tohidi. 

The Big Q website: www.thebigq.or 

Emissions Trading Scheme & Housing Crisis: January 20th, 2020

Emissions Trading Scheme & Housing Crisis: January 20th, 2020 Emissions Trading Scheme & Housing Crisis: January 20th, 2020, 34.23 MB
Mon 20 Jan 2020

This week Sherry continues the discussion on the Emissions Trading Scheme with Green Party co-leader James Shaw. He responds to some criticisms brought up by Sherry from economist Geoff Bertram on the proposed ETS Bill. Secondly, they also discusses the public housing crisis and the lack of affordable homes. 

But first, Sherry begins by asking James to respond to Geoff’s critisms regarding the lack of transparency in the proposed ETS bill. 

The National Party with Denise Lee: 17th of January, 2020

The National Party with Denise Lee: 17th of January, 2020 The National Party with Denise Lee: 17th of January, 2020, 22.34 MB
Fri 17 Jan 2020

The National Party's Denise Lee joins host, Laura Kvigstad. This week they chat about the concerns of the politicisation of the police and the recent debate that has sparked around the rising minimum wage. 

Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: January 15, 2020

Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: January 15, 2020 Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: January 15, 2020, 35.59 MB
Wed 15 Jan 2020

On Dear Science with AUT's Allan Blackman we are talking about scientific anniversaries and what happens when a science paper is retracted.

The Big Q: Was the killing of Qasem Soleimani legal under international law? January 13, 2020

The Big Q: Was the killing of Qasem Soleimani legal under international law? January 13, 2020 The Big Q: Was the killing of Qasem Soleimani legal under international law? January 13, 2020, 41.69 MB
Mon 13 Jan 2020

On January 3, the United States used a drone to kill Iranian General Qasem Soleimani. The Iranian’s retaliated with missile strikes against US military assets in Iraq. Under what legal authority did the US kill Soleimani? Are targeted assassinations legal under international law? Doug Becker discusses the laws of war and the current tensions between the US and Iran with Mark Drumbl, Hannah Garry, and Hamoud Salhi.

The Big Q website: www.thebigq.org 

Climate Change updates: January 13th, 2020

Climate Change updates: January 13th Climate Change updates: January 13th, 23.29 MB
Mon 13 Jan 2020

We are back with our weekly chat with Green party co-leader James Shaw. The Minister attended the climate change conference in Madrid (COP25) in December 2019 and we caught up on criticisms surrounding lack of substantial action and indigenious inclusivity. We also talked about proposed changes to the carbon emissions trading schemes, and the roll out of climate change education in schools.  

The National Party with Denise Lee: 20th of December, 2019

The National Party with Denise Lee: 20th of December, 2019 The National Party with Denise Lee: 20th of December, 2019, 25.25 MB
Fri 20 Dec 2019

For the last wire of the year, National MP, Denise Lee joins us to recap her year in National. She tells us about the highs and lows of the year and lets us know what she's looking forward to as we head into the election year, 2020. 

Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: December 18, 2019

Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: December 18, 2019 Dear Science w/ Allan Blackman: December 18, 2019, 38.35 MB
Wed 18 Dec 2019

Today on Dear Science Allan talks about a new discovery of the lowest point on land, storing data with DNA on everyday objects and Ransomeware damaging not only the functionality of Ukrainian servers but effecting the ability to produce medicine by a Pharmaceutical company.